How To Get Your Child Brush Their Teeth Regularly?

A kid is usually unable to brush on their own until they can tie their own shoes. Until then, without your guidance, they wouldn’t have the dexterity to brush properly. Our team knows how hard it can be to get a child to brush regularly. Be patient, and note that you’re setting them up for good oral health for a lifetime. Is the war worth it? It surely is!

  • First of all, note that brushing the teeth of your child does not harm him or her, and not brushing will cause more pain in the future. Try thinking about toothbrushing the way you think of other things to do, whether a child likes it or not. Of starters, when they have to be buckled in a car seat, some kids kick and scream, or hold hands as they cross the street, but we do it anyway because it’s of their safety and wellbeing. Toothbrushing is something that needs to be done for your child’s wellbeing, without question.
  • Second, we know that children feel more in control of their situation when given a choice, and are more likely to do what they are asked to do. You can say, for example, “Mom’s going to help you brush, would you like me to brush your top teeth or bottom teeth first?” or you can say, “It’s time to brush your teeth, would you like to brush in your bathroom or mine?”

Allow your child to choose the song you’re listening to while brushing or give them the option to read an extra book if the brush time goes smooth. This will take time and practice, but it will soon become second nature. When there’s no option to say “no,” children will often be able to do just as we ask.

Forcing a child into the toothbrushing routine is perfectly okay. Doing this will regularly teach a child that the rules are made by mom or dad and that they are still all right after the brushing is over. Giving lots of praise during the brushing and giving a big hug and kiss afterward will encourage your child that even when they’re fuzzy, you love and care about them.

On top of it all, for a comprehensive oral care solution for your child, we are always ready to help. Choose the best pediatric dentist near you in Pharr TX!

A Guide to Prepare Your Child for Tooth Extraction

Tooth extraction can be scary for most adults and a dreaded nightmare for kids. Parents face the challenging task if preparing their kids for what awaits them in tooth extraction in Pharr TX. If your child is not prepared well, it can prove to be a stressful and traumatizing experience. Fortunately, there are some things that parents can do prepare their little warriors for the dental battle. Here are some tips to help you prepare your child for the tooth extraction procedure.

Work with an experienced kid’s dentist in Pharr TX

Finding an experienced and reliable dentist will ensure that your child has a good experience and the tooth extraction goes smoothly. A renowned pediatric dental clinic in Pharr TX will be committed to offering quality care and will have vast experience in working with children.

Kids’ tooth extraction near me is greatly different from an adult tooth extraction in both – mental and physical terms. As the kids are still growing, the procedure can be slightly more complex. Their pain endurance is also low. Again, children are most likely to be scared and stressed about the procedure. Experienced pediatric dentists near me have a vast knowledge of how to handle the children before, during and after the procedure to ensure the procedure isn’t traumatic for them.

Be Transparent with Your Child About the Procedure

Kids are most likely to react in a bitter way when they find themselves in an unfamiliar situation. To make it easy for the child, parents should do thorough research and explain to the child what is going to happen in advance.

You can try role-playing a visit to the dentist with your child. Talking about the procedure and listening to the concerns of your kid will also help you eliminate their fears. You should also let the child interact with a kids’ dentist in Pharr TX to make him or her more comfortable.

Focus on the Positive Aspects of Tooth Extraction

You might believe that there aren’t many positive aspects of pulling out one’s teeth. However, to put the mind of a child in ease, you should draw up as many positives as you can. Tell your child about how the tooth extraction will help in improving their oral health. Talk about the tooth fairy and how your child will receive a bonus reward for having a tooth pulled out. You can also have your kid excited about getting ice cream for a few days following the tooth extraction.

Be Prepared for the Post Procedure Care

Post-procedure care is important for making the most of the tooth extraction process. Being prepared for it beforehand will make the process easier for you and your child and put your mind at ease too. It is also a good idea to purchase the necessary items you may need to administer post-treatment care. It is also necessary to create a comfortable area for your child to rest after the process. Read this article to learn more about post care of tooth extraction.

Give Your Child Something to Look Forward to

The best way to help your child get through the procedure is to give the child something to look forward to after the extraction procedure. Keeping their favorite food ready or carrying their favorite toy can help them in bearing the procedure for the reward awaiting them. Keeping their sight set at something bigger at the end of the road will help them cross the battleground with ease.

Dental extractions do not necessarily have to be traumatic for the children. With proper care and comfort, it can be a simple procedure for the children. Choosing the right pediatric dental clinic for tooth extraction in Pharr TX can make the procedure easy for you and your child, guaranteeing a bright and healthy smile.

When You Should Consider Getting A Root Canal Treatment

You need a root canal treatment when you have a condition called ‘pulpitis’. Pulpitis is a condition in which the pulp of the tooth gets infected. The pulp is the innermost part of the tooth and there is no way that your regular brushing and flossing can get rid of the infection.

The question is, how would you know if you needed a root canal treatment. Most patients who got a root canal treatment did not get any major signs until the condition became too severe. However, certain common signs might help you in deciding whether you should see a dentist for a root canal treatment.

Symptoms of root canal treatment

1. Toothache 

Has a particular tooth of yours been aching lately? This could be a mild toothache or even as severe as those that keep you up at night. Either way, a toothache can be caused due to several reasons and must not be taken lightly. It’s one of the most common symptoms of pulpitis.

2. Discolored tooth

When you have pulpitis, you may notice that one of your teeth has become slightly discolored. To be precise, a tooth may have lost its natural white pigment. This is a sign of a serious dental infection and is often related to pulpitis.

3. Sensitivity

One of your teeth may become comparatively more sensitive to hot, cold, and even sweet food. This is because the nerve tissues around the pulp are perhaps damaged too, which is the reason why they become more sensitive.

4. Swollen and red gums 

Are your gums swollen and red? This could most probably mean that you have gum disease. However, swollen and red gums are common signs of pulpitis. Whatever the cause of the phenomenon is, you need to see a dentist for an immediate check-up and treatment.

5. Bleeding gums

This again is a common sign of gum disease. However, your gums can even bleed without injury when your pulpitis has become too severe. This is a condition that needs immediate treatment and can lead to further health complications like heart disease if it is left untreated for too long.

Now that you know when you need a root canal treatment, where should you get t from? We recommend that you choose an experienced dentist who uses the best technologies to accurately detect and treat your pulpitis. You can get the best root canal treatment dentist in Pharr TX near you open today by simply clicking here!

Why Your Kid Needs Dental Sealants

Cavities are the major dental issues in kids and the number of children suffering from cavities is only increasing. Why is it that toothpaste commercials for kids focus on preventing cavities so much? The logic is simple- advertise to solve the most popular problem to make the product popular!

While these kinds of toothpaste do reduce the risks of cavities by a fair amount, they’re surely not enough. This is where dental sealants come into play.

How do dental sealants work?

Think of them as dental fillings. Instead of filling the missing part of a tooth, dental sealants simply cover the grooves and pits in the teeth where cavities form the most. Molars and premolars are groovy and food particles tend to get stuck in there the most.

Dental sealants just cover these grooves and bond with the teeth to make the surface even. And in case you’re wondering, dental sealants do not get cavities! In fact, sealants can be rather put over cavities to prevent further damage. Since sealants are mostly clear, a dentist can even keep the cavity under check.

Are dental sealants really important for my child?

Believe this or not, your child needs dental sealants more than you think and that’s a fact. As per the ADA,

…sealants have been shown to reduce the risk of decay by nearly 80% in molars. This is especially important when it comes to your child’s dental health.

That’s not all. A study suggests that children who do not have dental sealants have a much higher risk of getting cavities than children who do have dental sealants. As per the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,

School-age children (ages 6-11) without sealants have almost 3 times more 1st molar cavities than those with sealants. Although the overall number of children with sealants has increased over time, low-income children are 20% less likely to have them and 2 times more likely to have untreated cavities than higher-income children.

Some Facts:

Now, if you’re convinced that your child does need dental sealants for healthier teeth, some useful facts about sealants would convince you a little more!

  1. Cavities are painful and treatments for them could be costly and even invasive. Dental sealants ensure that no bacteria can seep underneath the sealants to cause cavities, thereby ensuring strong foundations for adult teeth in the future.
  2. The procedure to get dental sealants is quick and painless. Thus, it is highly suited for kids who are known to have dental anxieties.
  3. Dentists recommend that your child should get dental sealants when they turn 6. This is to ensure that the milk teeth have grown completely and cavities can be prevented in them to lay a foundation for strong and healthy teeth in the future.
  4. Numerous dental insurance companies cover for dental sealants.

Now that you’ve understood the importance, choose the best pediatric dentist for dental sealants and start protecting your child’s teeth right away!

6 Questions to Answer Before Getting Braces For Your Kids

1. What is orthodontic treatment? 

Orthodontic treatment is the proper alignment of misaligned teeth, using appropriate orthodontic devices. The process is known as teeth straightening and the orthodontic devices are dental braces. 

For kids, dental braces contain wires, brackets and rubber bands. These usually do not pose a risk of any injury. With time, the wire is tightened to force tension on the teeth to align together. An orthodontic treatment may span anywhere between 3 months to a couple of years, depending upon the severity of the misalignment. 

2. Why is teeth alignment/teeth straightening so important?

Misaligned teeth surely ruin the aesthetics of your kid’s smile. On top of that, there are oral health issues that are related to the condition as well. With crowding and overlapping, there are areas in the teeth that your child’s toothbrush or floss cannot reach. This lays the foundation for tooth decay in the future.

Teeth straightening or alignment helps in getting rid of these crowding and overlapping, to create a perfect set of teeth. This not only improves the aesthetics of your kid’s smile but also prevents oral diseases arising in the future. Apart from that it also helps in proper chewing and swallowing, and improves speech. 

3. When to get dental braces?

There is no specific age to get dental braces. Your kid’s dentist may notice something irregular in the alignment of his/her teeth and may carry out an X-Ray and recommend you to see an orthodontist. On the other hand, if the kid is too young, dentists tend to wait until the gums grow and mature, to find out if the mature gums of the kid support a perfectly aligned set of teeth. 

Malocclusion (more commonly known as a bad bite) is the main reason why kids need dental braces. This happens due to the improper shape or size of either or both of the jaws. When the jaw size is bigger or smaller than usual, teeth tend to be spaced or crowded respectively. 

An overbite is when the upper front teeth overlap with the lower front teeth when the mouth is closed. On the other hand, an underbite is when the lower front teeth overlap with the upper front teeth when the mouth is closed. This too calls for dental braces. 

However, not every misalignment requires dental braces for teeth straightening. For example, mild overcrowding does not pose a big threat if the child does brush and floss thoroughly and regularly./p>

As far as overbites are concerned, most people have a slight overbite, that does not require dental braces. However, if your orthodontist does recommend your kid to get dental braces, do read this article by Reader’s Digest, Canada to help you decide!

4. Are there alternatives to dental braces?

There is a rising trend of invisible teeth aligners among kids. These are plastic trays that are barely noticeable, and work exactly as dental braces, only that they are not as effective! These teeth aligners are good for mild misalignment, but orthodontists do not recommend it to cure severe malocclusion. 

Invisible teeth aligners are also more expensive than dental braces and need to be replaced periodically. 

5. What are the types of dental braces?

Although all of them look just the same, there are around 10 types of dental braces,

each differing in size and other features. Your orthodontist would likely consult with you before recommending you with one type for your kid, based on your kid’s dental condition. Porcelain and mini dental braces are a couple of the other types. 

6. What are the diet restrictions during orthodontic treatment?

A considerable amount of diet restrictions is associated with orthodontic treatment. To generalize, orthodontists recommend kids not to have popcorns, hard and sticky foods while going through orthodontic treatment. Burgers, sandwiches, chocolates, and meat are few of the diet restrictions. As per an article published by Oral-B

Cut down on sweets, chips and soda. Sugary and starchy foods generate plaque acid and that can cause tooth decay and promote gum disease. Sticky, chewy sweets like caramel, fudges and toffee can also cause wire damage and loosen brackets.

You must ensure that you get your kid’s orthodontic treatment from a certified and reliable orthodontist treatment in town. If you’re in Illinois, asking, “Where could I find the best orthodontist near me?”, click here!

Tips to Help Kids Overcome Fear of Dentist

Taking a kid to the dentist is not a hassle-free experience for any parent. Have you ever heard of a kid who is not afraid to go to the dentist for the first or second time? The reason is that kids are not comfortable with dental objects touching their teeth. They do not take the idea of metal objects being used to treat them very lightly.

Your kid learns a lot from you. The child looks up to you! Use this opportunity to shape your kid’s perceptions and beliefs in a positive manner. Take him/her with you when you need to visit the dentist for yourself.

This is called positive role play. During your spare time, spend some time with your kid to prep him/her up for the visit to the dentist. You play the dentist’s role, and let your child play himself/herself! 

Act in the friendliest manner possible, to leave an impression that dentists are friendly by nature. This would help immensely in overcoming the child’s fear of dentists!

Begin at an early stage 

It is highly recommended that you start preparing your child for his/her dental visit at an early age. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) suggests that you should let your kids get used to dental objects like floss touching their teeth, as early as the age of 2! “Flossing should begin when 2 teeth touch, typically between 2 and 2½ years of age. Some children may only need a few back teeth flossed and others may need flossing between all their tight teeth, depending on dental spacing.”

Keep rewards 

Let your kid know that there is a prize for their bravery. Treat them with their favorite meal or toy, post the visit. Knowing that there is something to gain out of the process is much likely to help the kid stay motivated for the visit. 

Use a fear strategy!

Sometimes, the fear of consequences of not doing something could work wonders on kids! Tell them about how much cavities hurt, how bacteria would feast inside their mouth, and how they could go toothless if they don’t visit the dentist!

These tactics work on most children. Besides, your persuasion skills play a major part in overcoming the kid’s fear. Since you understand your kid the best, you would know which tone or conversational style would best suit your purpose. Good luck!

Which Foods And Beverages Are Acidic To The Teeth?

Dentists all over the world recommend their patients to stay as much away as possible from certain foods and beverages, because of their acidic nature. The reason is because acidic foods and beverages tend to soften the enamel, thereby making it more prone to decay and erosion. Acidic foods are worse than the food items that stick to the teeth. This is because you can brush and floss them off. However, if you brush and floss right after having something acidic, you might just make things worse for your teeth. To help you keep that bright smile for a little longer, here are acidic foods and beverages that damage your teeth:

1. Foods that Contain Citric Acid:

Who doesn’t like a little bit of lemon juice in a glass of water? Makes for a perfect summer beverage! However, lime and lemon have citric acids, that are known to erode your enamel. Having these too often would do more harm than good to your oral health. It is advised that you rinse your mouth with water immediately after having a glass of lemonade or lime soda, or drink plenty of water if you have a habit of drinking the two beverages on a regular basis. Fruits like oranges, tomatoes, pomelos, tangerines and even grapes are few of the many that have citric acids.

Other fruits that have citric acids in lesser amounts include the following:

  • Raspberries
  • Strawberries
  • Cherries
  • Pineapple
  • Cranberries

2. Candies:  

Candies contain artificial sweeteners in them, that are highly acidic in nature. Since sugar itself does not have a pH value, it does not alter the acidic or alkaline levels of the liquid with which it is being mixed. The substance used to make artificial sweeteners, which are used in candies are highly acidic, which makes the candies acidic. Therefore, children must not consume candies too often, since their teeth are still in the developmental phase.

3. Sodas and Carbonated Drinks:

Sugary drinks like soda and carbonated soft beverages make your teeth absorb a lot of sugar. This sugar is then used by plaque bacteria to produce acids that are harmful to your teeth. These acids are responsible for weakening your teeth, and eventually eroding it. Sports drinks too are known for having high sugar content. Furthermore, carbonated soft drinks themselves have high acidic levels. “Most carbonated soft drinks, including diet soda, are acidic and therefore, bad for your teeth. Caffeinated beverages, such as colas can also dry out your mouth.” Watch this video showing a popular carbonated drink being used to clean a toilet. Now imagine if that’s what it can do to your toilet, what could it possibly do to your enamel?

Remember, these are just few of the most common foods and beverages that could prove to be acidic to your teeth. There are numerous others. To get a precise overview of what you should stay away from, hand your diet chart to your dentist and he would point out the ones that are the most acidic. You would be shocked to know that even sourdough bread is known to be slightly acidic to your teeth. Hence, you never know how much harm you might do to your teeth, if you do not inspect what you eat and drink!

Tips To Care For Your Dental Implants

Dental implants are definitely an investment worth taking care of! So what are somethings you can do to ensure their longevity? We have compiled a list of tips to help you keep your implants in the best condition possible. Dental implants can last a lifetime if properly cared for! No surprise here, your implants should be brushed and flossed just like your natural teeth. So if you didn’t have a good oral care routine prior to getting your implants, now is the time to step up your game! 


You will want to brush your teeth at least twice daily with a narrow headed, soft bristled toothbrush. It’s been proven that soft bristles are better and removing plaque from your teeth and gum line. A narrow head will help reach the crevices and curves of the implant. A powered soft bristle option is a great choice. While a regular brush will get the job done, a powered toothbrush will make your brushing easier and more fun!


When choosing your toothpaste, choose something that is non abrasive. A non abrasive toothpaste will be safer for your implants and your enamel. It will still provide the thorough clean you need and will keep everything in tip top shape. 


Flossing is an important part of any oral care routine. Ensure that you are still flossing at least two times per day. It is best to use unwaxed floss or an implant specific floss. Your dentist can give you a good idea of what to look for. Flossing properly with a “c shape” hugging the teeth is most efficient. 

Oral Irrigation

Your dentist can recommend the best oral irrigation system for you. These are also sometimes called a water pick, dental jet or water flosser. Oral irrigation helps remove stubborn debris and food particles on your teeth. It also aids in reducing harmful bacteria. Proper cleaning helps prevent periodontal disease. Periodontal disease can still occur with implants, so it’s important to take great care of both mouth. 

Dental Visits

It’s imperative you visit your dentist regularly. Every six months is recommended. During that visit, they will complete an exam, x-rays if needed and provide a thorough cleaning. Your dental team will be able to determine an issues that could be a cause for concern in regards to your implants or natural teeth.

Tooth Cavities | Prevention, Symptoms & Treatments

Are you having some dental issues and wondering if it’s a cavity? You need not worry. This article clearly elucidates the symptoms that actually let you know of a cavity. The important ones are discussed below:

Table Of Content:

Holes visible on your tooth’s surface:

A tooth decay affects affect both the outer coating of a tooth (called enamel) and the inner layer (called dentin). Therefore, they may be visible or may not be. You only need to be extra conscious in case you feel any kind of discomfort or unusualness in your mouth.

So what causes these holes? When left-over food particles stay back in your mouth, bacteria starts feeding on them. This turns them into acids. The acids dissolve the enamel, creating holes called ‘cavities’. Thus, once you notice holes on your teeth do not delay in rushing to the dentist as soon as possible.

Pain and sensitivity in your teeth:

Like many other oral issues pain is one of the main indicators of tooth cavities. It will obviously be associated with considerable amounts of tooth sensitivity. You will experience a mild to sharp pain while having hot or cold foods, sweets, sour tasted items etc. biting down on hard objects will be a real trouble. In fact the entire episode of having food or beverages becomes intimidating!

Spots on the tooth surface:

Sometimes black or brown spots are noticed on the surface of your tooth. The tooth may even turn brownish or lose its natural shade partly. These spots also hint at a dental cavity.

The above discussed symptoms are more or less enough to tell that you or your child is having a tooth cavity. The very next concern that follows is ‘What Next’?  It goes without that your cavity treatment depends upon the extent of damage caused. Accordingly, the different treatment alternatives that are availed are:

  • Fluoride gel application – A fluoride varnish or paste to the affected area is a good remedy. Fluoride helps protect your teeth by strengthening the enamel, making teeth more resistant to the acids produced by bacterial attacks on your teeth.  Thus tooth decay and cavities are prevented.
  • Some preventive treatment such as a filling may be advised by your dentist. This would involve removing the dental decay, applying some local anesthetic to numb the tooth and filling the hole. Alternatively, a crown can be opted for. This would protect the damaged tooth and keep it from further contact with eatables that cause the irritation.
  • In case the tooth decay has spread to the pulp a root canal treatment needs to be done. When further neglected, things may pave the way for an extraction.

Do you want to find out what can be done on your part so that cavities can be avoided? There are certainly a few preventive measures that may be taken to stay away from cavities in future. You can apply these in case of your children too in order to protect them from cavities!

  • Dental Sealants could be considered – A sealant is a protective plastic coating applied on the chewing surface of mainly the back teeth. It basically seals the grooves and corners that tend to collect food particles. Thus your enamel is protected from plaque and acid. Sealants are recommended for all school-age children. They generally last for several years after which they might require to be replaced.
  • Drink tap water sometimes – Public water supplies have added fluoride, which protects your enamel and helps reduce tooth cavities significantly. If you continuously drink bottled water only, you’ll miss out on fluoride benefits.
  • Frequent snacking and sipping should be avoided – Whenever you take food or beverages and neglect washing your mouth after that, your mouth bacteria gets a chance to create acids. Consequently enamel damage occurs that may lead to cavities. So avoiding intermediate snacking should be practiced.

Why wait for the symptoms when the consequences are known? You must rather start practicing the preventive measures today and make your child do the same too in order to avoid future cavities!

So, why do you wait? Start practicing today. Before, start practicing, If you need to consult with a dental care team, contact our Pharr dental clinic.

How Sugar Raises Danger Levels For Your Child’s Teeth

It’s common for a child to have a sweet tooth. Since sugary things taste great, children become restless to get hold of them. And as parents, you cannot expect them to have a sense of long term reward over short term pleasures. They are unable to perceive how sugar affects their teeth and thus themselves pave their way to cavities and dental problems.

Survey reveals, forty-two percent of American children between the ages of two and eleven have similar forms tooth decay.

Table Of Contents:

  1. How sugar causes the damage?
  2. Can government intervention help?
  3. Ways to prevent the sugar damage
  4. Drink plenty of water
  5. Drink sugary drinks like fruit juices and soda with a straw
  6. Brush and floss

How sugar causes the damage?

The sugar itself is not the cause of concern. The damage causing factor for your teeth is acid. Various bacteria feed upon the sugar in your mouth as a source of their food and energy. In the process, these bacteria breaks down the sugar and acid is the resultant. The acid eats away at the enamel and also removes the minerals from your teeth. This outcomes are:

  • Tooth decay and rot.
  • Cavities.
  • De-mineralised teeth.
  • Toothaches and even sensitive teeth.

Can government intervention help?

Let us take for an instance the case from another part of this earth.

The sugar levy in England, has been hugely successful in dealing with the overflow of fizzy and sugary drinks that put their pangs on the health of thousands of youngsters. Government intervention was therefore a dire necessity to reduce the amount of sugar going into soft drinks most popular among the younger generation. Consumers were automatically discouraged hugely from purchasing unhealthy drinks frequently!

Ways to prevent the sugar damage:

Even if you are cutting down on the intake of sugary foods, you probably will not be able to shield your offspring completely from sugary products. Rather, it would be both wise and effective to take steps to resist the bacterial attack as well as formation of cavities.


Fluoride is a natural mineral that helps prevent tooth decay in its own unique way. Due to its unique properties, it is often added to community water systems and most toothpastes too. Thus if your child is drinking plenty of fluoridated water and brushing regularly with a fluoride toothpaste, he or she is in safe hands.

How Fluoride works?

Fluoride is a chemical ion of fluorine. Fluorine is one among the top 20 common element on earth’s crust. An ion is a positively or negatively charged atom. Since fluorine is a negatively charged ion, as soon as it meets with a positively charged one like sodium, cavity fighters are created. Thus Fluoride helps in making teeth stronger and healthier.

Drink plenty of water:

If it is fluoridated water it helps your kid’s teeth more! Water not only washes away the bacteria but also keeps your mouth moist. This is important as your saliva contains calcium and phosphate that bathes your teeth to keep them healthy!

Drink sugary drinks like fruit juices and soda with a straw:

This indeed is a good way to reduce contact of the sugary liquids with your teeth. It allows soda to go directly into the back of your mouth. Although the environmental impact of disposing straws is a cause of concern, yet, there are plenty of eco-straws available out there.

Brush and floss:

This is the most obvious solution. Clean your teeth at least twice a day and especially after you have consumed something sugary or highly acidic. Wait forty-five minutes to an hour before brushing. This is because brushing your teeth after there has been an acidic attack can wear them away even more! Thus, one needs to wait for the acid to wear off before brushing.

It is true that you cannot keep your children away from candies, plums and berries all the time. For this reason, you need to make the preventive measures work in your case. Keep yourself aware of the food habits of your child and keep a track of what the kid is consuming throughout the day. If the sugar intake has been high for any particular reason, try taking stricter teeth care measures for the day is really important.

To keep your child’s teeth healthy, book an appointment with kid’s dentist.